Janmashtami 2019, Janmashtami 2019 Date
Who is Krishna?
Where was Krishna born?
Who was Vasudeva?
Who was Devaki?
Krishna Janmasthan Temple Complex
What is Krishna Janmashtami?
Krishna is Devaki and Vasudeva's son and his birthday is celebrated by Hindus all over the world as Janmastami, the followers of ISCKON and Gaudiya Vaishnavism celebrate it with immense devotion and religious fervour.
Krishna was born at the time when evil was everywhere, and when he was to be killed by his uncle King Kansa. Krishna's father Vasudeva takes him across Yamuna immediately at the time he was born in Mathura, to foster parents in Gokul, named Nanda and Yashoda.
After Krishna is born at the exact midnight time, the statue of baby Krishna is washed and clothed, then placed in a cradle.
Krishna temples across India and even the world organize events in honour of Lord Krishna where songs in praise of the Lord are sung and scriptures from Bhagavata Purana and Bhagavad Gita are recited. In Hindi we say "Kab Hai Janmashtami", you can find the Janmashtami 2020 date along with other years.
How is Janmashtami celebrated? - Significance of Janmashtami
Janmashtami Date and Time
- Krishna Janamashtami falls on Krishna Paksha Ashtami (23rd day) of Shravana (5th month) as per Amanta Hindu Calendar
- Krishna Janmashtami falls on Krishna Paksha Ashtami (23rd day) of Bhadrapada (6th month) as per Purnimanta Calendar
What is to be done on Janmashtami? or How Janmashtami is observed?
- Janamashtami is a day long fast. Some people fast and some not but everybody worship Sri Krishna
- Bal Krishna is worshipped during midnight as that time is considered to be the time when Krishna was born
- People visit Krishna temples
- Sweet dishes are prepared made of milk products and given to Sri Krishna to eat ( for bhog)
Janmashtami Celebration in North, South India
Krishna Janmashtami Date
Fasting Rules on Krishna Janmashtami
How to fast on Krishna Janmashtami?
People who are fasting on Janmashtami must have the only single meal a day before Janmashtami. On the day of Janmastami, devotees take Sankalpa to observe a day-long fast and break it on the next day when both Rohini Nakshatra and Ashtami Tithi are over. Some break the fast when either Rohini Nakshatra or Ashtami Tithi is over. Those who are fasting on janmastami must take Sankalpa after completing morning rituals and the day-long fast starts with Sankalpa.
Nishita Kaal or the time of midnight is the time to do Krishna Puja as per vedic rituals. Full puja rituals are observed during midnight involving all sixteen steps which are part of Shodashopachara Puja Vidhi.
One who fast must not eat any grains during Janmashtami fasting until the fast is broken on the next day after Sunrise. It simply means follow the rules of Ekadashi fasting, the rules are the same for Janmashtami fasting. Parana or breaking the fast must be done at an appropriate time. You do Krishna Janmashtami fasting for the whole day and then Parana is done on next day after Sunrise when Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra are gone. If Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra are not over before Sunset then Janmastami fast can be broken during the daytime when either Ashtami Tithi or Rohini Nakshatra is completed. If Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra are not over before Sunset or even Hindu Midnight (called as Nishita Time) one should wait to get them over before breaking the fast.
Krishna Janmashtami fast might continue for two complete days as its based on the end time of Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra. It is mentioned in Hindu religious text Dharmasindhu that people who are not able to fast on two consecutive days can break the fast on next day after Sunrise.
Names of Krishna Janmashtami
Two Krishna Janmashtami Dates
Sometimes, Krishna Janmashtami falls on two consecutive days. The first day is for Smarta Sampradaya and the second janmastami date is for Vaishanava Sampradaya. If Krishna Janmashtami falls on a single day, it means both Sampradaya would observe Janmashtami on the same date.
After Krishna Janmashtami, then comes the Nandotsav festival, which was the time Nanda Baba distributed gifts to the villagers in honour of the Sri Krishna birth.
Janmashtami in Maharashtra
In Maharashtra and western states of India, the Dahi Handi tradition is played out as a community tradition after Janmashtami, where pots of yoghurt are hung high up, sometimes with tall poles or from ropes hanging from second or third level of a building. After that, teams of youth which includes boys as well as girls called the "Govindas" go around to these hanging pots, climb one over another and form a human pyramid, then break the pot. A large gathering of people can be seen cheering for their teams. Prize money as well as gifts are also given to the winners. Many companies also sponsor this event and TV channels also shows the govinda's forming a human pyramid and breaking the Dahi Handi live. The contents in the Dahi Handi pot is regarded as Prasada of the deity.
Over 4,000 handis in Mumbai alone were high hung with prizes, and a number of Govinda teams participated in 2014.
Janmashtami in Gujarat and Rajasthan
In Dwarka, Gujarat where Krishna is believed to have established his kingdom, people celebrate the festival with a tradition similar to Dahi Handi, known as Makhan Handi (pot with freshly churned butter). Also perform folk dances at temples, sing bhajans, visit the Krishna temples. Dwarkadhish Temple or Nathdwara is over filled by devotees. Farmers in the Kutch region, decorate their bullock carts and take out Krishna processions, with group singing and dancing.