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Sankashti Chaturthi 2020 Dates

Sankashti Chaturthi 2020 Dates

Sankashti Chaturthi or Sankatahara Chaturthi is the day dedicated to Lord Ganesha. Sankashti Chaturthi falls on every 4th day after Pournami full moon (Krishna Paksha) of Hindu lunar calendar month. Each Hindu calendar month has two Chaturthi Tithis. Chaturthi tithi after Purnima or full moon during Krishna Paksha is known as Sankashti Chaturthi and the one after Amavasya or new moon during Shukla Paksha is known as Vinayaka Chaturthi. “Sankashti” word is originated from Sanskrit language which means “liberation during the difficult times”. On the day of Sankashti Chaturthi, prayers are offered to Sri Ganesha. Sankashti Chaturthi fasting is done every month but the most significant Sankashti Chaturthi falls in month of Magha and Paush. The most important Sankashti Chaturthi falls in month of Magha as per Purnimant School of thoughts and in month of Paush as per Amavasyant School of thoughts.Sankashti Chaturthi coming on Tuesday is called Angarki Chaturthi and is regarded as highly auspicious. Sankashti Chaturthi fast is observed mostly in Western and Southern India especially in the states of Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.

Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat 

Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat is held for Lord Ganesha and devotees keep fast from sunrise to moonrise on the day of Sankashti Chaturthi. This fast is strict and only fruits and vegetable products need to be consumed. Sankashti Chaturthi food items or recipes could include Sabudana Khichadi, potato and peanuts. Ganapati Atharvasheersha along with various mantras and hymns are recited to get the blessings of Ganesha. After sighting of the moon, one can break the fast.
Sankashti Chaturthi during Magha month is known as Sakat Chauth in North India. Vinayaka Chaturthi in Bhadrapada month is known as Ganesha Chaturthi. Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Ganesha by Hindus all over the world. Sankashti Chaturthi by Tamil Hindus is also known as Ganesh Sankatahara or Sankatahara Chaturthi.

Sankashti Chaturthi Dates

These are the Sankashti Chaturthi dates 2020:

January 13, 2020, Monday, सोमवार 
Sakat Chauth / Lambodara Sankashti Chaturthi - सकट चौथ (लम्बोदर संकष्टी चतुर्थी)

February 12, 2020, Wednesday, बुधवार 
Dwijapriya Sankashti Chaturthi (द्विजप्रिया संकष्टी चतुर्थी)

March 12, 2020, Thursday, वीरवार 
Bhalachandra Sankashti Chaturthi (भालचंद्र संकष्टी चतुर्थी)

April 11, 2020, Saturday, शनिवार 
Vikata Sankashti Chaturthi (विकट संकष्टी चतुर्थी)

May 10, 2020, Sunday, रविवार 
Ekadanta Sankashti Chaturthi (एकदंत संकष्टी चतुर्थी)

June 08, 2020, Monday, सोमवार 
Krishnapingala Sankashti Chaturthi (कृष्णपिंगला संकष्टी चतुर्थी)

July 08, 2020, Wednesday, बुधवार 
Gajanana Sankashti Chaturthi (गजानना संकष्टी चतुर्थी)

August 07, 2020, Friday, शुक्रवार 
Bahula Chaturthi/Heramba Sankashti Chaturthi (हेराम्बा संकष्टी चतुर्थी (बहुला चतुर्थी))

September 05, 2020, Saturday, शनिवार 
Vighnaraja Sankashti Chaturthi (विघ्नराजा संकष्टी चतुर्थी)

October 05, 2020, Monday, सोमवार 
Vibhuvana Sankashti Chaturthi (विभुवन संकष्टी चतुर्थी)

November 04, 2020, Wednesday, बुधवार 
Vakratunda Sankashti Chaturthi /Karwa Chauth (वक्रतुंड संकष्टी चतुर्थी (करवा चौथ ))

December 03, 2020, Thursday, वीरवार 
Ganadhipa Sankashti Chaturthi (गणाधिप संकष्टी चतुर्थी)

The Sankasta Ganapathi Pooja - 13 Names and Peeths

Ganesha is worshiped with a different name and peetha (seat) each month. The 'Sankashta Ganapathi Pooja' prayer is performed on the Sakashta Chaturthi day of each month. This prayer has 13 Vratha Kathas, one for each month and the 13th vrat katha is for adhika maas (one extra month occurs every 4 years in Hindu calendar).

MonthName of Ganesha of which the pooja is performedName of the peetha
Chaitra MasaVikata Maha GanapatiVinayaka Peeta
Vaishakha MasaChanakra Raja Ekadanta GanapathiSrichakra Peeta
Jeshtha MasaKrishna Pingala Maha GanapatiSri Shakthi Ganapathi Peeta
Ashadha MasaGajaanana GanapatiVishnu Peeta
Shravana MasaHeramba Maha GanapatiGanapathi Peeta
Bhadrapada MasaVignaraja Maha GanapatiVigneshwara Peeta
Ashweeja MasaVakrathunda Maha GanapatiBhuvaneshwari Peeta
Karthika MasaGanadipa Maha GanapatiShiva Peeta
Margashira MasaAkuratha Maha GanapatiDurga Peeta
Pushya MasaLambodara Maha GanapatiSoura Peeta
Magha MasaDwijapriya Maha GanapatiSamanya deva Peeta
Phalguna MasaBalachandra Maha GanapatiAgama Peeta
Adhika MasaVibhuvana Palaka Maha GanapatiDoorva Bilva Patra Peeta

Sankashti Chaturthi Significance

Ganesha showers blessings for all devotees on this day. It is the same day when God Shiva declared his son Ganesha as "pratham pujya" meaning "first god to be worshipped" and superior to all the gods including Vishnu, Lakshmi, Shiva and Parvati. Ganesh is worshipped as the god of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune and devotees seek his blessings at the beginning of any new venture or at the start of travel. Lord Ganesha, the Pratham pujya god who is regarded as the supreme lord of prosperity, intelligence and fortune, symbolizes the remover of all obstacles. He is known by the names Vighnaharta (विघ्नहर्ता), Vighnavinashaka (विघ्नविनाशक) and Vigneshwara (विघ्नेश्वर)..Devotees pray to Lord Ganesha for all of their family members for health and prosperity. As Lord Ganesha is also known as ‘Vighnaharta’, meaning one who removes all the obstacles. Worshipping him can help in removing of all the hurdles of life. Thus it is believed that by observing Sankashti Chaturthi fast - one can get rid of all obstacles. "Sankashti" means ‘deliverance during difficult times’ and "Chaturthi" means ‘the fourth day or tithi dedicated to Lord Ganesha’. The significance of Sankashti Chaturthi vrat is mentioned in the ‘Bhavishaya Purana’ and ‘Narasimha Purana’ and was told by Lord Krishna to Yudhishtira, the eldest of all Pandavas.

Sankashti Chaturthi Fast Date and Time

One must note that fasting day for Sankashti Chaturthi is different for two cities even if those cities are in India. It is to be understood that fasting for Sankashti Chaturthi depends on moonrise and it is observed on the day when there is moonrise while Chaturthi Tithi is prevailing. Thus Sankashti Chaturthi fasting might be observed on Tritiya Tithi i.e. one day before Chaturthi Tithi. As moonrise time always differ for all cities, a person observing Sankashti Chaturthi fast must be sure of Sankashti Chaturthi day.