Magh Gupt Navratri 2023 Dates

Magh Navratri, also known as Gupt Navaratri (गुप्त नवरात्रि), comes in the Shukla Paksha of Magha month i.e January – February. Magh Navratri starts on January 22 and ends on January 30 in the year 2023. Magh Navratri is dedicated to the nine forms of Shakti Goddess. Many people observe fast on the days of Magh Navratri and only vegetarian food is eaten during this period.

Gupt Navratri is also observed during the month of Ashada (June – July). The most popular Navratri comes twice a year - Chaitra Navratri (March-April) and Sharad Navratri (September – October). Check Dates of Navratri and Navratri Calendar 2023 along with Navratri 2023 Colours.

Magha Gupt Navratri 2023 Dates

Navratri Day 1(Pratipada) - January 22, 2023 (Sunday) - Ghatsthapana, Shailputri Puja

Navratri Day 2 (Dwitiya) - January 23, 2023 (Monday) - Brahmacharini Puja

Day 2 (Tritiya) - January 24, 2023 (Tuesday) - Chandraghanta Puja

Day 3 (Chaturthi) - January 25, 2023 (Wednesday) - Kushmanda Puja

Day 4 (Panchami) - January 26, 2023 (Thursday) - Skandamata Puja

Day 5 (Shashthi) - January 27, 2023 (Friday) - Katyayani Puja

Day 6 (Saptami) - January 28, 2023 (Saturday) - Kalaratri Puja

Day 7 (Ashtami) - January 29, 2023 (Sunday) - Sri Durga Mahaashtami, Mahagauri Puja, Sandhi Puja

Day 9 (Navami) - January 30, 2023 (Monday) - Siddhidatri Puja, Navratri Parana

Check details of Ashadha Gupt Navratri 2023 Dates.

Makar Sankranti 2023 Date

Makar Sankranti 2023

Makar Sankranti is a very auspicious day in Hindu mythology. Also known by the names Makara Sankranti, Makarasankranti and Makar Sankrant, the festival is of high imortance because of the shifting of the Sun (Surya) into ‘Makara rashi’ – the zodiac sign which relates to Capricorn. When sun goes from one sun sign and enters another, it is known by the name of ‘Sankranti.’ The word "Sankranti" in Sanskrit means ‘to cross into’. Thus, Makar Sankranti is the day when sun enters into the Makar rashi or the Capricorn sign. On this day of Makara Sankrantisun enters into the Northern Hemisphere, it is called as Uttarayana. This Uttarayan festival of Gujarat starts on the Makar Sankranti day and continues for six-month long.

Makara Sankranti is observed in the Hindu month of Paush in North India, Magh in Bengal, Dhanu in Kerala and Margazhi in Tamil Nadu.

Makar Sankranti falls on the January 14th or January 15th every year but slowly this day of Sankrant is moving and Makar Sankranti will occur on 23rd March in 7015, around 5000 years from now. Hindu calendar follows lunar calendar, meaning it is based on the moon.

Significance/Importance of Makar Sankranti

Of the 12 Sankranti's in the Hindu Calendar year, Makar Sankranti is the most important Sankrant among all and holds a lot of spiritual significance and importance for Hindus. Surya or Sun God is worshiped on this day of Makar Sankranti. People chant the Gayatri Mantra, Surya Mantra and other mantra's while offering water to Surya god.

The coming of Makar Sankranti indicates the coming up of spring season in the northern hemisphere and the end of winter season. This time is highly auspicious and is known as Uttarayan Punyakalam. The six months after Makar Sankranti, are longer and warmer.

Makara Sankranti has also a different meaning. ‘Makar’ refers to crocodile and Sankranti means ‘to change.’ The crocodile is the materialistic world and ‘Sankranti’ is when there the time comes to get away from the materialistic world.

Uttarayana is the six month long festival that starts on the Makar Sankranti day. Uttarayana is referred to as the daytime of the Devas and that is why auspicious activities starts during this time.

The importance of Makar Sankranti also lies in the fact that Bhishma Pitamaha of Mahabharata died on this day of Uttarayan as Bhisma Pitamah had a boon that he will die only when he wishes. So, he choose this day of Uttarayana. It is of the belief that people who die during Uttarayana merges with the God, thus ending the cycle of rebirth.

It is also understood that Lord Vishnu buried Asuras under the Mandara Mountain on this Uttaryana day signifying the end of evil. On the next day of Makar Sankrant, Krishna is worshipped in South India as there is a belief that Krishna lifted the Govardhan mountain on the day after the Makar Sankrant.

King Bhageeratha brought down river Ganga into Patala on Makara Sankranti day to get moksha or salvation for his ancestors. Makara Sankranti is also one of the important bathing dates during Kumbh Mela and Magh Mela and lakhs of people take bath in the Ganges river.

According to Puranas, on this Makar Sankranti date, God Surya visits Shani, who is the son of Surya.

Things to do on Makar Sankranthi Day

As Makara Sankranti is the festival associated with Surya, people must offer water to Surya and recite the Gayatri Mantra and/or Surya Mantra's. As Surya visits his son Shani on Makar Sankranti day, people must visit their sons and give them gifts, if possible. Pople must make a fresh begining on this day and forget any misunderstandings if any. People make ‘khichadi’ on this day. Some make Til sweets and dishes and Rice meal.

Makar Sankrati is a festival associated with harvest in the whole of India. So people pray for a good harvest. Cows are worshipped and people do charity work like offering food, Moong Dal, rice, ghee, Til poor persons and needy. One of the most important event is the kite flying in Jaipur, and the whole of Rajasthan, Gujarat.

Makar Sankranti in Different States of India

Makar Sankranti is celebrated in the whole of India with different names. Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Sankranthi - Pedda Panduga in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana as a harvest festival. Makara Sankranti itself in Karnataka, Uttarayan in Gujarat. Til Gud is exchanged in Maharashtra. Pilgrimage to the famous Sabarimala Temple also ends on this day in Kerala. It is known as Pithey parban in West Bengal, along with the famous Ganga Sagar mela. Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Bhogali Bihu in Assam, Maghi in Punjab, Jammu and parts of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. Khicadi Parv and Sankranti in Uttar Pradesh Makar Mela in Orissa.

Makar Sakranti SMS Quotes-Messages 2023

Wishing you a very Happy lohri & Makar sakranti as well.
May this harvest season bring you prosperity
n help you to fly high like a kite,
let's celebrate together .

Bajare ki roti
Nimbu ka achar
Suraj ki kirne
Chand ki chandani aur apno ka pyaar.
Har jeevan ho khushal
Mubarak ho aapko "makar sankranti ka tyohar.

Makar Sannkrati ke din aapke jeevan ka andhera chhat jaye
aevam gyan aur prakash se aapka jeevan ujjwal ho jaye!

With Great Devotion,
Fervor and Gaiety,
With Rays of Joy and Hope,
Wish You and Your Family,
Happy Makar Sankranti!

S: Sucess
A: Achievement
N: Naturalness
K: Kite
R: Realization
A: Attainment
N: Naturalness
T: Triumph
I: Intelligent…..Happy makar Sankranti

Tan mein masti
Mann mein umang.
Dekar sabko apnapan
Gud mein jaise meethapan.
Hokar saath hum Udayen PATANG
Aur bhar len aakash mein apne rang.
Aapko aur aapke parivar ko Makar Sankranti ki Haardik Shubhkaamnaye!

Meethe gur mein mil gaye til,
Udi patang aur khil gaye dil,
Har pal sukh aur har din shaanti,
Aap sab ke liye laaye Makar Sankranti.

When is Makar Sankranti 2023? Makar Sankranti Dates

Makar Sankranti 2023 Date and Timings

Makar Sankranti 2023 Date - Sunday, 15th January, 2023
Makar Sankranti Punya Kaal Muhurta - 07:15 AM to 5:46 PM
Makar Sankranti Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta - 07:15 AM to 09:00 AM

Makar Sankranti Punya Kaal and Mahapunya Kaal Time are highly auspicious timings to perform good deeds like offering water and food to sun god, taking bath in the holy river Ganga, feeding and offering food to the needy etc. Mahapunya Kaal time is preferred more than Punya Kaal time.

Happy Makar Sankranti!

Mattu Pongal 2023 Date

Mattu Pongal 2023, Mattu Pongal 2023 Date

Makara Sankranthi is celebrated as Pongal in Tamil Nadu. While celebrating Pongal for four continuous days, the people of Tamil Nadu celebrates Mattu Pongal as the 3rd day of the Pongal celebrations and is observed on the second day of the Thai month in the Tamil calendar. Often it comes on either 15th or 16th January. The word ‘mattu’ in Tamil signifies ‘the bull’ and thus the day of Mattu Pongal is dedicated as celebrations of the cattle, especially the bulls as they help the farmers a lot in growing crops. Mattu Pongal is the day when people come together irrespective of caste and creed to celebrate and welcome the new harvest. Mattu Pongal is celebrated with great enthusiasm not only in Tamil Nadu but also in states like Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

Rituals during Mattu Pongal

People clean and decorate their homes with attractive kolams put in the front side during Pongal. Pictures of rice are drawn on the first day, on second day the image of Sun God is drawn and on the day of Mattu Pongal the third day, images depicting bull or other livestock are drawn. People bath their cattle and their horns are painted and decorated with various color metal caps on the day of Mattu Pongal. Flower garlands, bells along with beads of different colors are tied on to their necks. Cattle owners sprinkle Saffron water with mango leaves on the cows and offer prayers to protect them from all evils. Also, Lord Krishna and Lord Indra are worshipped for the growth and prosperity of their cattle population. Cows are worshipped by touching their forehead and feet. An ‘aarti’ for the Cows are performed. A special dish known as ‘Sakkar Pongal’ is prepared from moong dal, cooked rice, dry fruits and jaggery and first offered to the cows and later distributed among all as ‘cattle prasad’ on this beautiful day of Mattu Pongal. Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati and Lord Ganesha are worshipped during the Pongal celebrations and different kinds of rice are made and offered to them and then to the cattle.

Jallikattu 2022 Festival

‘Manji Virattu’ or ‘Jallikattu’ which is an important village sport is observed with full enthusiasm in the villages of Tamil Nadu like Madurai, Tiruchirapalli and Tanjavur. In Jallikattu, young men in the village chase fierce bulls to grab the money tied in their horns. Observed during the evening of Mattu Pongal day,  it is regarded as an integral part of Mattu Pongal celebrations. It is also held on Kaanum Pongal, a day after Mattu Pongal in some villages.

Some of the famous Pongal Recipes include Rava Pongal/Sooji Pongal, Sweet Pongal/Sakkarai Pongal, Pongal Sambar/Pasi Paruppu Sambar and Venn Pongal/Khara Pongal.

Significance of Mattu Pongal

Mattu Pongal is dedicated to the worship of cattle. The word ‘mattu’ means ‘bull’ and ‘pongal’ signifies ‘prosperity’. The festival marks the beginning of the harvest of the paddy (rice) fields. The story of Mattu Pongal is linked with the story of Lord Shiva and Nandi, his bull. Celebration of Mattu Pongal is a form of thanksgiving to the cows and bulls. Cows offer nourishment as the provide milk and the bulls help the farmers in ploughing the land for cultivation.

Legend of Mattu Pongal

Lord Ganesh, Goddess Parvati along with Ganesha are worshiped and Pongal is offered to them. As per a legend, once Shiva asked his bull, Basava, to go to the earth and ask the people to have an oil massage and bath every day and to eat once a month. Basava instead said that everyone should eat daily and have an oil bath once a month. This angried Shiva who then cursed Basava to live on the earth forever. He would have to plough the fields and help people produce more food. Thus this day is associated with cattle.

Mattu Pongal 2023 Date & Time

Mattu Pongal 2023 Date - Monday, January 16, 2023

Mattu Pongal Sankranti Moment - 08:57 PM, Jan 14

Makar Sankranti 2023 Date - Sunday, January 15, 2023

Pongal Date 2023

Pongal Date 2023, Thai Pongal 2023

Pongal is a Hindu festival celebrated prominently in the Southern states of India especially by the people of Tamil Nadu. Pongal is a four days festival and Thai Pongal is regarded as the most important day of Pongal. Thai Pongal which is the second day of the four days Pongal festival is also celebrated as Sankranti. Sankranti is celebrated in the whole of India with different names. It is the same day as Makar Sankranti which is celebrated prominently in North Indian states when people take holy dip in river Ganges. Pongal is like thanksgiving to the Sun God for harvest and appreciating and showing gratitude to nature.

The day before Thai Pongal is known as Bogi Pandigai. People clean and decorate their homes and light bonfire to ward of unused wooden items. The same day is celebrated as Lohri by Sikh and Punjabi community in Punjab and Northern States of India.

On the day of Thai Pongal, freshly harvested rice is boiled with fresh milk and jaggery in a new clay pot. People let the milk spill over the pot while boiling intentionally as an auspicious sign of material abundance and prosperity. Later rice, milk and jaggery, known as Pongal, is topped with brown sugar, Ghee, cashew nuts and raisins. Freshly cooked Pongal is first offered to the Sun God as a gratitude for good harvesting and later served on banana leaves to the people in the home. Pongal is cooked at sunrise at an open place traditionally.

Thai Pongal is the first day of Thai month as per Tamil Calendar. Thai is the tenth month in Tamil Calendar. Thai Masam is known as Makar in other Hindu calendars. The third day of Thai Pongal is known as Mattu Pongal when Cows are decorated and worshipped on Mattu Pongal day. The last and final day i.e the 4th day of Pongal is known as Kaanum Pongal. It is the time when family is reunited in Tamil Nadu.

Pongal is celebrated by the name of:

Makar Sankranti in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Bihar, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Odisha , Kerala
Uttarayana in Rajasthan and Gujarat
Maghi in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh
Magh Bihu in Assam
Maghe Sankranti in Nepal

Thai Pongal 2023 Muhurat

Thai Pongal 2023 Date - Sunday, January 15, 2023

Thai Pongal Sankranti Moment - 08:57 PM, Jan 14

Makar Sankranti 2023 Date - Sunday, January 15, 2023

Name of the festival



Bhogi Festival

14 January 2023


Surya Pongal/Thai Pongal

15 January 2023


Mattu Pongal

16 January 2023


Kaanum Pongal

17 January 2023


Lohri 2023 Date

Lohri 2023, When is Lohri in 2023, Lohri 2023 Date

The festival of Lohri is an extremely popular festival of the Punjabis celebrated in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir. Lohri is usually celebrated on the last day of the month of Paush, the month in which the winter solstice takes place. According to the ancient Punjabi folk lore, Lohri Date should be on the eve of Winter Solstice Day. Lohri festival is connected to the Winter solstice and celebrates the harvest of rabi crops. Through this Punjabi festival of Lohri, people pay respects to the natural element of fire and is dedicated to the end of winter season. Lohri songs are sung by children and elders composed in praise of the age-old Lohri traditions or in praise of Dulla Bhatti. As usual, the date of Lohri festival, 2022 is on January 13 marking the sun’s entry to the Makar Rashi from the Tropic of Cancer. It is believed that this day is extremely auspicious and marks the end of the coldest month of the year, Paush. The next is the beginning of the period of Uttarayan considered sacred by all Hindus.

Significance of Lohri festival

Lohri celebration is traditionally associated with the harvest of rabi crops. People are seen to gather round the fire and offer peanuts, rewri, butter and various other food items to thank God for the good harvest. Lohdi is an extremely festival for the newly wedded women of Pujabi families and for every new born child. Though Lohri is predominantly celebrated in the State of Punjab, yet the flavors of this festival is also enjoyed in other states such as Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu.

Lohri Celebration

Lohri is celebrated on January 13 in the month of Paush or Magh, which is a day before Makar Sankranti. Lohri festival in India is seen by the Punjabi farmers as the beginning of the financial year. The festival of Lohdi is very ancient and historically owes its origin to ages of the Indus Valley civilization. The state of Punjab is known as the breadbasket of India and crop harvest is extremely important. The festival of Lohri is associated with the traditional harvest of rabi crops. The worshippers offer food items such as peanuts, rewri, flour, and butter to the Lohri bonfire to thank God for a good harvest. Thus Lohri celebrates the glory of farming. Wheat is the main crop of Punjab and is sown in October and harvested in the month of March or April. In January, the farmers are eager to reap the rich harvests and as they prepare themselves for cutting and gathering of the crops in the months that follow they enjoy the festivities of Lohri 

When is Lohri in 2023

Lohri 2023 Date and Timings

Lohri 2023 Date - Saturday, January 14, 2023
Lohri Sankranti Moment - 08:57 PM
Makar Sankranti 2023 Date - Sunday, January 15, 2023

Bhogi 2023 Date

Bhogi 2023 Date, Bhogi 2023, Bhogi Pandigai 2023

The Bhogi Pandigai (Tamil:போகி பண்டிக)festival is celebrated in the southern states of Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka in honour of Lord Indra who is regarded as the god of rain. Farmers all over India worship Indra God as it is believed it will bring good harvest and prosperity and happiness to the land. 

Bhogi or Bogi is the first day of the four days Sankranti festival when people discard old and worn out items they are not using currently. People get up early before dawn, clean and decorate their homes with marigold garlands and mango leaves and light bonfire, known as Bhogi Mantalu, with wood and other solid fuels and lit fire crackers early morning. The discarded wooden items are offered to the fire as a Bhogi Pandaga ritual. Bhogi Pandaga is observed one day before main Makara Sankranthi day. Sankranti is celebrated for four days in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Tamil Nadu. Some rituals are followed during each of the four days which are as follows:
  • Day 1 is known as Bhogi or Bogi Pandigai.
  • Day 2 is known as Makara Sankranti, which is known as Pedda Panduga in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and Pongal in Tamil Nadu.
  • Day 3 is known as Kanuma Panduga in Andhra Pradesh and Mattu Pongal in Tamil Nadu.
  • Day 4 is known as Mukkanuma in Andhra Pradesh and Kaanum Pongal in Tamil Nadu.

Bhogi Pallu

Kids of three to six age are given with Indian jujube fruit known as Regi Pallu in many Telugu families in Andhra. The children are dressed up in colorful clothes including traditional Langa-Voni for the girls. A potpourri of Regi Pallu, Senagalu (soaked and drained black grams), flower petals, pieces of sugarcane, jaggery and coins are showered on them. It is believed that this Bhogi Pallu ritual protects children from evil eye, bless the children with material abundance and long life.

Ariselu Adugulu

Ariselu Adugulu is also organized for kids along with the ritual of Regi Pallu. Ariselu(s), a sweet dish made of rice, is put on the floor and small kids are asked to walk on them. Ariselu Adugulu is celebrated to mark the occasion when the kid learns to take its first step.

Bhogi Muggulu

Bhogi Muggulu is drawn (Rangoli) and many rangoli competitions are organized and colourful and beautiful kolam (rangoli) are drawn outside home and buildings to mark the occasion of Bhogi. Many people display Bommala-Koluvu at home. Sweets such as 'Bholi' are prepared, offered to god as naivedhyam and distributed among families and friends on the Bhogi day.

Bhogi Pandigai is also celebrated on a large scale in Andhra Pradesh and the same festival is known as Lohri in Punjab and Magh Bihu/Bhogali Bihu in Assam.Tasty meal like Pachadi, Parupu, Kootu, Poriyal, Varuval, Apalam, Vadai, Payasam, Bholi, Rice, Sambar, Rasam, Thayir is prepared and served on plantain leaf on this day.

Goda Devi Ranganatha Swamy Wedding at Tirupati Temple

Goda Devi's (Andal) marriage is celebrated in Tirupati Venkateswara Temple and other Vishnu Temples. It is believed that people who witness this holy marriage would get married soon. Goda Devi marriage with Sri Ranganatha helps in getting peace and happy married life. Thus many couples participate in the marriage of Goda Devi on the day of Bhogi which is the last day in Dhanurmasam.

When is Bhogi celebrated?

Bhogi is the first day of the Pongal celebration on the last day of the Tamil month of Margazhi. Bhogi is celebrated during Makar Sankranti when the sun changes goes from the southern to the Northern hemisphere. As per English calendar, Bhogi always falls between January 13-16. Bhogi is celebrated on the same day in both Telugu and Tamil cultures.

Bhogi Pandigai 2023 Date and Timings

Bhogi 2023 Date - Saturday, January 14, 2023

Bhogi Sankranti Moment - 08:57 PM

Makar Sankranti 2023 Date - Sunday, January 15, 2023

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