Sankashti Chaturthi 2018 Dates
Sankashti Chaturthi or Sankatahara Chaturthi is the day dedicated to Lord Ganesha. Sankashti Chaturthi falls on every 4th day after Pournami full moon (Krishna Paksha) of Hindu lunar calendar month. There are two Chaturthi Tithis in Hindu calendar's each month. Sankashti Chaturthi is the one which comes after Purnimasi or full moon during Krishna Paksha and the second is Vinayaka Chaturthi which comes after Amavasya or new moon during Shukla Paksha. “Sankashti” word is originated from Sanskrit language which means “liberation during the difficult times”.
Lord Ganesha as the Remover of Obstacles is known as Vighnaharta (विघ्नहर्ता), Vighnavinashaka (विघ्नविनाशक) and Vigneshwara (विघ्नेश्वर). The significance of Sankashti Chaturthi vrat is mentioned in the ‘Bhavishaya Purana’ and ‘Narasimha Purana’ and was also explained by Lord Krishna himself, to Yudhishtira, who is the eldest of all Pandavas.
People fast on Sankashti Chaturthi day. The most important Sankashti Chaturthi falls in month of Magha as per Purnimant School of thoughts and in month of Paush as per Amavasyant School of thoughts.
If Sankashti Chaturthi occurs on Tuesday it is called Angarki Chaturthi and it is considered highly auspicious. Sankashti Chaturthi fast is observed mostly in Western and Southern India especially in Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
The Sankasta Ganapathi Pooja - 13 Names and Peeths
|Month||Name of Ganesha of which the pooja is performed||Name of the peetha|
|Chaitra Masa||Vikata Maha Ganapati||Vinayaka Peeta|
|Vaishakha Masa||Chanakra Raja Ekadanta Ganapathi||Srichakra Peeta|
|Jeshtha Masa||Krishna Pingala Maha Ganapati||Sri Shakthi Ganapathi Peeta|
|Ashadha Masa||Gajaanana Ganapati||Vishnu Peeta|
|Shravana Masa||Heramba Maha Ganapati||Ganapathi Peeta|
|Bhadrapada Masa||Vignaraja Maha Ganapati||Vigneshwara Peeta|
|Ashweeja Masa||Vakrathunda Maha Ganapati||Bhuvaneshwari Peeta|
|Karthika Masa||Ganadipa Maha Ganapati||Shiva Peeta|
|Margashira Masa||Akuratha Maha Ganapati||Durga Peeta|
|Pushya Masa||Lambodara Maha Ganapati||Soura Peeta|
|Magha Masa||Dwijapriya Maha Ganapati||Samanya deva Peeta|
|Phalguna Masa||Balachandra Maha Ganapati||Agama Peeta|
|Adhika Masa||Vibhuvana Palaka Maha Ganapati||Doorva Bilva Patra Peeta|
Ganesha showers blessings for all devotees on this day. It is the same day when God Shiva declared his son Ganesha as "pratham pujya" meaning "first god to be worshipped" and superior to all the gods including Vishnu, Lakshmi, Shiva and Parvati. Ganesh is worshipped as the god of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune and devotees seek his blessings at the beginning of any new venture or at the start of travel.
Sankashti Chaturthi Fasting
Only fruits, roots (the part of a plant which is below ground) and vegetable products can be consumed on this day while fasting. Sankashti Chaturthi diet can also include Sabudana Khichadi, potato and peanuts. Ganapati Atharvasheersha along with various mantras and hymns are recited to get the blessings of Ganesha. After viewing the moon at night or at the time of Chandrodaya, only then can one break the fast.
Sankashti Chaturthi during Magha month is known as Sakat Chauth in North India. Ganesha Chaturthi that occurs in Bhadrapada month is known as Vinayaka Chaturthi. Ganesha Chaturthi is the birthday of Lord Ganesha. Sankashti Chaturthi is also known as Ganesh Sankatahara or Sankatahara Chaturthi among Tamil Hindus.
Please note that Sankashti Chaturthi fasting day might be different for two cities within India. Sankashti Chaturthi fasting depends on moonrise and it is observed when there is moonrise while Chaturthi Tithi is prevailing. Thus Sankashti Chaturthi fasting could be done on Tritiya Tithi i.e. one day before Chaturthi Tithi. As moonrise time always differ for all cities, a person observing Sankashti Chaturthi fast must be sure of Sankashti Chaturthi day.
Sankashti Chaturthi 2018 Dates
|Date||Moonrise Timings Delhi|