Sarva Pitru Amavasya 2023

Sarva Pitru Amavasya 2023 Date, Mahalaya 2023 Date

sarva pitru amavasya

Amavasya Tithi Shraddha or Sarva Pitru Amavasya Shradha 
also known as Sarva Pitru Moksha Amavasya is done for those family members who died on Amavasya Tithi, Purnima Tithi and Chaturdashi Tithi. If someone is not able to perform Shraddha on all Tithis for any of the family member died, then single Shraddha for all died family members can be done on this day. Doing Sankalp and offering Shraadh food to Brahmin for the Pitr's or ancestors that have passed is sufficient to please all died members in the family. Also, Sarva Pitru Amavasya or Mahalaya day can also be used to do Shraddha for any of the died family member whose death anniversary or the tithi of death is not known or forgotten and this is the reason Amavasya Shraddha is also known as Sarvapitra Moksha Amavasya. Shraddha of family members who died on Purnima Tithi is also done on Amavasya Shraddha Tithi or Mahalaya and not on Bhadrapada Purnima. Bhadrapada Purnima Shraddha falls one day before Pitru Paksha, but it is not part of Pitru Paksha. Pitru Paksha starts on the next day of Bhadrapada Purnima Shraddha.

Amavasya Shraddha is also called by the name Amavas Shraddha. Mahalaya Amavasya begins the Navratri festival in West Bengal. It is believed that Goddess Durga came on the Earth on this very day.
Pitru Paksha Shraddhas must be done on the tithi as told by a Brahmin or on the last day i.e Amavasya day. The auspicious time to perform Shraadh is either Kutup Muhurat and Rohina muhurat. till Aparahna Kala gets over. Tarpan is performed at the end of the Shraddha.

What is Sarva Pitru Amavasya?

The term ‘Sarva Pitru’ means ‘all forefathers or ancestors’ and the tithi of Sarva Pitru Amavasya is dedicated to all ancestors whose death tithi may have been forgotten or unknown. Sarva Pitru Amavasya is observed in Bhadrapada month as per South Indian Hindu calendar and during Ashwin month in North Indian Hindu calendar.

The Pitru Paksha period that extends over sixteen days from the Purnima to Amavasya after the month of Bhadrapada (August – September) dedicated for performing the shradh ceremonies of the died ancestors. The shradh of the ancestors died is being performed on the tithis they died irrespective of whether the death occurred in the Krishna Paksha or Shukla Paksha. The Pitru Paksha shradh special significance is highlighted in various shastras in Hinduism. If you do the Shraadh ceremony of the your deceased ancestors with utter devotion, love and respect for the died member, you not only get blessings of the ancestors but also get immense benefits as the ancestors visit their descendants on the earth during this period to receive the offerings given to them through shradh and tarpan. It is our number one duty for performing the Pitru Paksha shradh of the deceased members of the family and it must be performed.

What is to be done on Sarva Pitru Amavasya?   

  • Brahmins are invited in the household and offered food as well as donations.
  • Shraddh ceremony is performed by the senior most male member of the family.
  • People offer prayers to their ancestors with flowers, diya, and dhoop on Sarva Pitru Amavasya.

Sarva Pitru Amavasya Importance

  • The Sarva Pitru Amavasya Shraadh is observed to attain prosperity, welfare, and blessings.
  • It is believed that if all the shraddha rituals are not performed, ancestors return unhappily from their descendants place.
  • Lord Yama showers blessings on the person performing Shraadh as well as his family members and they all are saved from any kind of evils or obstacles.
  • Observing and performing shraddha rituals of the deceased family member, Pitru Dosha can also be removed.
  • The Shraadh rituals help the souls of forefathers attain moksha or salvation and that is why the name Sarva Pitru Moksha Amavasya.

Sarva Pitru Amavasya 2023 Date or Mahalaya 2023 Date

Amavasya Shradh 2023 Date and Time

Sarva Pitru Amavasya 2023 DateAmavasya Shradh 2023 Date - Saturday, October 14, 2023

Kutup (कुतुप) Muhurat - 11:44 AM to 12:30 PM
Duration - 00 Hours 46 Mins

Rohina (रौहिण) Muhurat - 12:30 PM to 01:16 PM
Duration - 00 Hours 46 Mins

Aparahna (अपराह्न) Kaal - 01:16 PM to 03:35 PM
Duration - 02 Hours 18 Mins

Amavasya Tithi Begins - 09:50 PM on Oct 13, 2023
Amavasya Tithi Ends - 11:24 PM on Oct 14, 2023

Sarva Pitru Amavasya is the last day of the Pitru Paksha.    

Sarva Pitru Amavasya Facts

  • On Sarva Pitru Amavasya tithi or the day of Mahalaya, shradh is performed for all ancestors in the family tree irrespective of when and how they died.
  • If a person is not able to perform the shradh on a particular tithi of the deceased member or just forgot to do so during the Pitru Paksha period, he must do it on Sarva Pitru Amavasya.
  • Amavasya tithi's of a year are usually dedicated to Pitr's or your dead ancestors. And the Ashwina Krishna Paksha Amvasya or Sarva Pitri Amavasya is the most dedicated amavasya for the deceased members of a family, thus there are immense benefits for the ancestors souls and that is why it is also known as Sarva Pitru Moksha Amavasya.
  • If the date of death of a person is unknown, the shradh ceremony of those people can be performed on Sarva Pitru Amavasya or Mahalaya date.
  • This is the day when shradh ceremonies of all ancestors in their tree linage is performed together.
  • As Pitru Paksha period starts on the Pratipada day, the next day of Bahdrapad Purnima, thus shradh ceremonies of people died on Purnima tithi is done on the Sarva Pitru Amavasya day only. 

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